Hypertension can lead to an increased risk of heart attack, heart failure, stroke and so much more if left undiagnosed.
Hypertension simply defined is “a condition in which the force of blood against the artery walls is too high.” According to the JNC 7 there are 4 categories that are used for classification purposes: Normal, Prehypertenstion, Hypertension – Stage 1 and Hypertension – Stage 2.
When you measure hypertension it is recorded as Systolic (blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood) over Diastolic (blood pressure when the heart is at rest between beats).
Category Systolic BP mmHG/Diastolic BP mmHG
Normal <120 SBP and <80 DBP
Prehypertension 120-139 SBP or 80-89 DBP
Hypertension – Stage 1 140-159 SBP or 90-99 DBP
Hypertension – Stage 2 160> SBP or 100> DBP
1 in 3 Americans are affected by hypertension – a disease that does not discriminate against age, race or gender. Why is hypertension so important for us to educate out patients about? Simply put, it will save lives. Hypertension can lead to an increased risk of heart attack, heart failure, stroke and so much more if left undiagnosed.
What you can do:
- Keeping your blood pressure under control – whether it be through a combination of medications or via other alternative routes – can ultimately SAVE YOUR LIFE.
- Have a systolic pressure reading of <120 mmHG can reduce your risk of heart attacks, heart failure, and stroke by 30% and lower your risk of death by almost 25%
- Keep in mind that certain health conditions may have an effect on the target areas for some people.
- Annual dilated eye exams by an optometrist and in addition to visits to your primary care providers or cardiologists are key to helping to achieve the above said goal and keeping your vision the best that it can be.